Easter – working hours, bonuses and salaries
Here are the working hour regulations as well as hour and other bonuses for Easter.
Click the link below to see the regulations for your sector.
Hotel, restaurant and leisure services sector
Facilities services sector
Employees taking annual leave during Easter should note that Good Friday, Holy Saturday, Easter Sunday and Easter Monday are not counted as days of leave.
Shops can be open on every day of the year.
Employees in the commercial sector may be assigned shifts on all days of Easter. However, work on public holidays will reduce working hours in the annual leave system or the weekday public holiday system. All workplaces must use one of these systems.
The annual leave system
In the annual leave system, annual weekday public holidays are calculated into the annual time off. By completing hours of work, employees accrue annual leave entitlement which is not bound to public holidays. For more information on the annual leave system, see here.
The weekday public holiday system
The employer may choose to use the weekday public holiday system instead of the annual leave system either in the company as a whole or in certain segments of it. The weekday public holidays that shorten working hours during Easter are Good Friday and Easter Monday.
The employer is entitled to the weekday public holiday reduction if the employment has lasted at least one month before the weekday public holiday in question.
The working hours of full-time employees will be reduced by one day for each public holiday that falls on a weekday. The reduction will be carried out by granting a day off within two weeks of the holiday or during the adjustment period:
- 7h 36min of work time in a 38-hour weekly system or
- 8 h in a 40-hour system.
Part-time employees (working less than 37.5 h per week) receive the reduction for the week of the weekday public holiday either as paid leave during the reduction period or as cash compensation in addition to the salary for any completed hours. The compensation must be included in the salary for the reduction period.
The cash compensation or the reduction of working hours is calculated by dividing the number of weekly hours agreed in the employment contract by five.
The reduction of working hours will be carried out by granting a day off:
during the week of the weekly public holiday
- during the two preceding weeks
- during the two following weeks or
- in the adjustment system.
The working hours of clerical workers in the adjustment system must be agreed locally at the workplace, as specified in section 23 of the collective agreement.
If Saturday is normally a day off for the employee, it will also be a free day during the week of a weekday public holiday.
Holiday eve leave
(Collective agreement, section 12, item 4)
A permanent employee in the commercial sector must be given two of the four public holiday eves in a year as days off.
Such holiday eves include Holy Saturday, Midsummer Eve, Christmas Eve and New Year’s Eve.
If you have not been given days off on two of these days, the employer must offer compensation in the form of a 100% increase to the pay rate for regular working hours scheduled for such days (Collective agreement, section 7, item 8.3).
Salary for work and working hour bonuses
The basic salary rate will be paid for work done on Maundy Thursday. If the shop is open late, a salary bonus for public holiday eves, equivalent to the Saturday bonus, must be paid for any work done after 18.00.
A 100% salary increase will be paid for work done on Good Friday, Easter Sunday and Easter Monday. However, evening bonuses (between 18.00 and midnight) will be paid at the normal rate, regardless of shop opening hours (Collective agreement section 12, item 3).
The basic salary and the normal Saturday bonus will apply for work done on Holy Saturday.
For general instructions, see here.
Collective agreement, section 20: Of the Easter holidays, Good Friday, Holy Saturday, Easter Sunday and Easter Monday are not counted as days of annual leave.
In this sector, work can be scheduled for all days of the year.
The sector has no separately defined weekday public holidays.
In the annual leave system, annual weekday public holidays are calculated into the annual time off. By completing hours of work, employees accrue annual leave entitlement which is not bound to public holidays. This means that the annual leave does not have to, but may, be taken on public holidays. Read more about the annual leave system here.
Salary for work on public holiday eves and public holidays
If an employee works on Easter Saturday after 15.00, the basic salary as well as the evening bonus and the supplement to the representative of a licence holder will be paid with a 50% increase.
Work on Good Friday, Easter Sunday and Easter Monday will be compensated with a 100% increase to the salary as well as the evening and night bonuses and the supplement paid to the representative of a licence holder.
According to the collective agreement, Holy Saturday must be a day off. However, if the company provides continuous service, such as hotel housekeeping, shifts may be assigned for this day.
If an employee works on Holy Saturday, their salary for the day will be increased by 50%.
However, this salary increase will not be paid in unbroken three-shift work.
Weekday public holiday
Easter’s weekday public holidays are Good Friday and Easter Monday.
Employees who are paid monthly will be granted a day off if the weekday public holiday would be a working day according to the work roster. They will also be paid their normal monthly salary amount.
Hourly-paid employees will receive a weekday public holiday bonus, if
- the employment has lasted for three months or more before the public holiday in question
- and if the public holiday would have been a working day according to the roster, and the employee would have been entitled to a salary for that day.
Average weekly working hours
If the workplace has adopted average weekly working hours, weekday public holidays will not be considered work time when the overall working hours are counted for the period. This means that weekday public holidays do not accrue the overall working hours, and the employee must complete a corresponding number of working hours at a later date.
The amount of the weekday public holiday bonus
- If the employee’s regular working hours are 37.5 hours per week, the weekday public holiday bonus will be equivalent to 7.5 hours of pay.
- If the employee’s regular working hours are 40 hours per week, the weekday public holiday bonus will be equivalent to 8 hours of pay.
- If the employee’s regular working hours are less than 37.5 hours per week, the weekday public holiday bonus will be calculated to be proportionate to the working hours.
a) If the employee works a set number of hours per week
The weekday public holiday bonus is calculated by dividing the number of weekly working hours by five.
b) if the employee works a varying number of hours per week
The weekday public holiday bonus will be calculated by dividing the working hours of the quarter by 63. However, the number of working days missed due to annual leave, sickness or the sickness of a child will be deducted from the 63.
Working on a weekday public holiday
If the employee works during weekday public holidays, their salary for such days will be increased 100%.
The weekday public holiday bonus will not be paid for completed working hours. However, the bonus will be paid for any hours that the employee did not, but would have worked had the day not been a public holiday.
A full-time (37.5h per week) employee works 4 hours during a weekday public holiday. They will be paid their salary for the 4 hours with a 100% increase, along with a weekday public holiday bonus for the 3.5 hours they did not work.
In the guarding sector, shifts may be assigned to employees for all the days of Easter.
Monthly-paid employees are under the annual leave system. In the system, the annual weekday public holidays are counted into the annual days off. The employees accrue days of leave based on completed working hours. These days of leave are not bound to the dates of, e.g., public holidays.
The annual leave system only applies to monthly-paid employees. They accrue 11.25 hours of leave per calendar month. This means that during the year, they accrue 17 shifts’ worth of leave, assuming that a shift is 8 hours.
More information on the annual leave system can be found here.
If a part-time employee works on a weekday public holiday, they accrue a maximum of 8 hours of paid time off. During Easter, Good Friday and Easter Monday are considered weekday public holidays.
The accrued time off is entered into the work roster for the period during which the time off will be taken. The salary for the time off will be paid as weekday public holiday bonus according to the average hourly earnings.
Salary for work done during the weekday public holiday itself will be paid normally, with the exceptions listed below.
Work done on Holy Saturday after midnight will be compensated with a 50% Sunday increase.
Work done on Good Friday and Easter Monday – as on any day listed as a public holiday – will be compensated with a 100% salary increase.
NB! According to the collective agreement that came into force on 1 November 2018, from 1 January 2019 onwards, an evening bonus of €1.00 per hour will be paid for work done between 18.00 and 22.00, and a night bonus of €2.00 per hour for work done between 22.00 and 06.00.
Days that reduce the working hours
During Easter, the days that reduce working hours are Good Friday and Easter Monday.
Days that reduce working hours mean holidays during which work time is reduced with no impact to salary.
The employee and employer may also agree that a cash compensation is paid instead of shortening work hours.
When will the reduction be implemented?
The reduction of working hours will be granted during the work period which includes the day that is the reason for the reduction. This means that the reduction does not have to be granted on the day in question.
How is the reduction implemented?
For full-time employees, the reduction is 7.5 hours per day that reduces working hours.
The reduction is carried out by providing an equivalent amount of uninterrupted leave. If this is impossible, the working hours during the period in question will be reduced in another way.
The employer and employee can also agree that a cash compensation is to be paid separately for each weekday public holiday instead of a reduction to the working hours.
For part-time employees, the working hours are reduced by the number of hours calculated by dividing the average number of weekly working hours by five.
If the working hours per period vary greatly, the average weekly hours will be calculated on the basis of the 12 preceding calendar weeks.
A part-time employee has agreed to work 25 hours per week.
The reduction to the working hours is calculated as follows: 25 hours / 5 = 5 hours
The working hours of this employee are reduced by 5 hours during the week of the weekday public holiday without reducing the salary, or an additional cash compensation amounting to 5 hours of work can be paid.
Working on public holidays
If an employee works on Good Friday or Easter Monday, their salary will be increased by 100%. Any evening and night bonuses will also be doubled.